Other Cardiovascular Conditions
Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs when your heart doesn't get as much blood and oxygen as it needs. In angina, the need for increased blood flow isn't met for a short time. When increased demand for blood goes away, angina symptoms go away too. While the pain of angina may come and go, it's a sign of heart disease and can be treated. Lifestyle changes, medications, medical procedures and surgery can help reduce angina.
Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)
Two large blood vessels, known as the "carotid arteries," travel from your aorta up through your neck. There's one on each side of your neck. They carry blood to your head and brain. In some people, these arteries become narrowed over time by a waxy buildup called "plaque." When this happens, we say you have "carotid artery disease." This disease restricts blood flow. And it can lead to serious health problems.
A heart attack, also called a myocardial infarction (or MI), is a disruption of blood flow through one or more coronary arteries. These are the arteries that provide blood to the heart muscle. A heart attack can damage or kill the tissue of the heart. A heart attack can strike suddenly, often without any warning.
After a heart attack, it's normal to feel powerful emotions. You may feel anxious and afraid. You may be angry, depressed or lonely. It can be overwhelming, and even make your recovery harder. Well, you need to know that many people experience these emotions. With help, you can cope with them and regain control of your life.
No one wants to have to go back to the hospital after discharge. "Avoiding Hospital Readmissions: Heart Attack" explains the patient's role in preventing unnecessary hospital readmissions. This program includes critical information on how to better understand discharge instructions and continued recovery at home. Patients can review a discharge checklist that explains what they need to know before they go home.
Having a heart attack can be a major event. In addition to recommending lifestyle changes, doctors often add many new medications in order to help people live longer with less symptoms, and to decrease the chances that they'll have another heart attack. It is important to manage these medications and communicate openly with your doctor about any questions or concerns you have.
After a heart attack, it's important to get regular exercise. By exercising your heart, you lower your risk for future problems. But you need to make sure you're exercising safely. Here are some things to keep in mind as you get back on your feet. Of course, before starting any exercise plan, talk to your doctor.
A heart attack occurs when the blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked (often by a blood clot). This happens because coronary arteries that supply the heart with blood slowly become thicker and harder from a buildup of fat, cholesterol and other substances, called plaque. If the plaque breaks open and a blood clot forms that blocks the blood flow, a heart attack occurs. Learn the signs that can mean a heart attack is happening, how you can recover if you do have one, and how to reduce your risk of having a heart attack.
Heart Valve Disease
Infective (bacterial) endocarditis (IE) is an infection of either the heart's inner lining (endocardium) or the heart valves. Infective endocarditis is a serious — and sometimes fatal — illness. Two things increase risk for it to occur: bacteria and certain high-risk heart conditions. Men, women and children of all racial and ethnic groups can get it. In the United States, there are up to 34,000 hospital discharges related to IE each year.
If you have a heart murmur, you may be wondering what it means. Your physician may have told you that it was an "innocent murmur" or you may have been referred for further tests. This American Heart Association video explains the causes of heart murmurs and what you may need to know about your heart health.
VTE & DVT Prevention
When you spend long periods of time in a hospital bed, you may be at risk for developing deep vein thrombosis. This is a type of blood clot that forms in a vein, usually in the legs. You may be prone to developing this type of clot because of a blood clotting disorder or other condition. But these clots are also caused by lack of movement. If you keep your legs in the same position for long periods of time, you raise your risk for a clot. Fortunately, you can take some simple precautions to keep a clot from forming.
This condition, commonly called "VTE," occurs when a blood clot forms in a vein deep within your body. This can happen in your leg, or in another part of your body. The clot travels through your circulatory system. When it reaches your lungs, it blocks an artery within them. This prevents oxygenation of your blood. This is a pulmonary embolism. It can be fatal.
Spending long hours in a bed or a chair can increase your risk for venous thromboembolism, commonly called "VTE." This is a type of blood clot that can form in a vein in your leg and then travel to your lungs. It can be fatal. It's important to follow the advice of your healthcare provider so you can prevent this dangerous condition.
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
The aorta is your body's main artery. It carries blood down along the front of your spine to the parts of your body below your heart. If the wall of your aorta in your abdomen weakens and balloons outward, you have an abdominal aortic aneurysm. It's a serious condition, and one that often has no warning signs.
This condition, commonly called "a hole in the heart," is an abnormal opening in the wall that separates the left and right atria. These are the heart's upper chambers. This congenital defect creates abnormal blood flow through the heart. ASD may result in a murmur that can be heard during an exam. It can be diagnosed by an echocardiogram.
This common heart problem is present at birth. It's a hole in the wall between the heart's two lower chambers. These chambers are called the "ventricles," and the wall between them is called the "septum." The hole lets oxygen-rich blood flow back to the lungs, instead of out to the body where it's needed.
This procedure is usually performed in the first year of a child's life to repair a ventricular septal defect (VSD). Sometimes called a hole in the heart, this defect occurs in the wall between the heart's two ventricular chambers, creating abnormal blood flow. The surgery closes the hole with a patch.
This is an abnormal connection between blood vessels. It happens when arteries connect directly to veins without first sending blood through tiny capillaries. An AVM can look like a tangle of blood vessels. They form anywhere in your body, but most often they form in or around the brain and along the spinal cord.