Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in America today. It's also a major cause of severe, long-term disability. To protect yourself and your loved ones from the serious effects of stroke, you should learn your risk factors, reduce your risk factors, learn the warning signs of stroke and know what to do if you notice warning signs.
It's critical to diagnose a stroke in progress because the treatment for stroke depends on the type of stroke, and, in some cases, the location of the injury to the brain. Other conditions with similar symptoms to stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) will need to be ruled out to diagnose stroke. Some of these include seizures, fainting, migraine headaches, heart problems or other general medical conditions.
The majority of strokes occur when blood vessels to the brain become narrowed or clogged with fatty deposits called plaque. This cuts off blood flow to brain cells. A stroke caused by lack of blood reaching part of the brain is called an ischemic stroke. High blood pressure is the most important risk factor for ischemic stroke that you can change.
Stroke occurs when a blood vessel bringing blood and oxygen to the brain gets blocked or ruptures. When this happens, brain cells don't get the blood and oxygen that they need to survive. This causes nerve cells stop working and die within minutes. Then, the part of the body they control can't function either. The effects of stroke may be permanent depending on how many cells are lost, where they are in the brain, and other factors.
This Post-Stroke Checklist has been developed to help healthcare professionals identify decline or changes in post-stroke function and cognition that may respond well to treatment and/or referral. It is a brief and easy-to-use tool, intended for completion with the patient and the help of a caregiver, if necessary.
Carotid endarterectomy is a surgery to remove fatty deposits (plaque) that are narrowing the arteries in your neck. These are called the carotid arteries. They supply blood and oxygen to the front part of your brain. If plaque and other fatty materials block an artery, it slows or blocks the blood flow, and you could have a stroke.
Stroke can cause problems with speaking, finding and understanding words, memory, and other communication issues. Hear from stroke survivors, caregivers, and clinical experts about how rehabilitation and coping strategies can help improve speech and communication issues both in the hospital and at home.
A stroke causes major changes that can impact all aspects of your life, including your emotional well-being. In addition, stroke damage to certain parts of the brain can affect both emotions and behavior. Learn about support groups for stroke survivors, strategies for coping with emotional distress, and how caregivers can help themselves while helping their loved ones.
The treating doctor's highest priorities are to prevent complications that can occur as a result from the stroke and to prevent another stroke. Your doctor must determine that you are medically stable and able to resume some self-care activities. This means that all complications must be treated and under control. Some things happen as a direct result of injury to the brain due to stroke. Others are because of a change in your abilities. For example, being unable to move freely can result in bedsores. Clinical depression can also occur with a stroke.
Right after a stroke, a survivor may respond one way, yet weeks later respond differently. Some survivors may react with sadness; others may be cheerful. These emotional reactions may occur because of biological or psychological causes due to stroke. These changes may vary with time and can interfere with rehabilitation.
After a stroke, almost all stroke survivors feel tired or some type of fatigue at some point. Stroke survivors often must work harder to make up for the loss of normal functions (such as being unable to use an arm or hand). But you'll probably start feeling less tired after a few months. For some people, tiredness may continue for years after a stroke, but they usually find ways to make the most of the energy they have.