A transient ischemic attack (TIA), also called a ministroke stroke, causes symptoms similar to those of a stroke. The difference is that TIAs don't cause permanent brain damage. This video explains what happens during a TIA, what you should do if you have symptoms, and what treatment is available.
Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in America today. It's also a major cause of severe, long-term disability. To protect yourself and your loved ones from the serious effects of stroke, you should learn your risk factors, reduce your risk factors, learn the warning signs of stroke and know what to do if you notice warning signs. © AHA
It's critical to diagnose a stroke in progress because the treatment for stroke depends on the type of stroke, and, in some cases, the location of the injury to the brain. Other conditions with similar symptoms to stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) will need to be ruled out to diagnose stroke. Some of these include seizures, fainting, migraine headaches, heart problems or other general medical conditions. © AHA
About 13 percent of strokes happen when a blood vessel ruptures in or near the brain. This is called a hemorrhagic stroke. When a hemorrhagic stroke happens, blood collects in the brain tissue. This is toxic for the brain tissue causing the cells in that area to weaken and die. © AHA
The majority of strokes occur when blood vessels to the brain become narrowed or clogged with fatty deposits called plaque. This cuts off blood flow to brain cells. A stroke caused by lack of blood reaching part of the brain is called an ischemic stroke. High blood pressure is a leading risk factor for ischemic stroke. © AHA
A transient ischemic attack (TIA) is often called a mini-stroke, but it's really a warning stroke. TIA and stroke symptoms are the same, although most TIA symptoms last only a few minutes (but up to 24 hours). While TIAs generally do not cause permanent brain damage, they are major warnings and should not be ignored. © AHA
A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts. It can cause permanent disability or even death. Although stroke is the fifth-leading cause of death, Hispanic people in the U.S. face an even higher risk. It's the No. 4 cause of death for Hispanic men and No. 3 for women. © AHA
Stroke — the fifth leading cause of death in America — is a "brain attack" that occurs when blood that brings oxygen to your brain stops flowing and brain cells die. Black Americans have a higher prevalence of stroke and highest death rate from stroke than any other racial group. © AHA
Stroke occurs when a blood vessel bringing blood and oxygen to the brain gets blocked by a clot or ruptures. When this happens, brain cells don't get the blood and oxygen that they need to survive. This causes nerve cells to stop working and die within minutes. Then, the part of the body they control are affected. The effects of stroke may be permanent depending on how many cells die, where they are in the brain, and other factors. © AHA
This Post-Stroke Checklist has been developed to help healthcare professionals identify decline or changes in post-stroke function and cognition that may respond well to treatment and/or referral. It is a brief and easy-to-use tool, intended for completion with the patient and the help of a caregiver, if necessary. © AHA
Every part of your body, including your heart and your brain, needs oxygen to work. Oxygen is carried in the blood. Blood vessels called arteries carry oxygen-rich blood throughout the body. Both heart attack and stroke are due to problems in the arteries. The same factors that cause heart disease can make you more likely to have a stroke.
A TIA (transient ischemic attack) is an early warning that a stroke (also called a brain attack) is coming. A TIA is a temporary stroke. It causes no lasting damage. But the effects of a stroke, if it happens, can be very serious and lasting. Here are symptoms to watch for.
You have an arteriovenous malformation (AVM). An AVM is an abnormal tangle of blood vessels in the brain. Some AVMs never burst (rupture). But there are factors that can lead to rupture. If you have an AVM, you were likely born with it. But most people don't know they have one until a problem happens.
F.A.S.T. is a simple way to remember the warning signs of a stroke. Note the time when any of the symptoms first appear. The sooner treatment is started, the better the outcomes. The sooner treatment is given after the first symptom begins, the more likely it is that the patient will recover with little or reduced disability, and it might even save your life or the life of a loved one. © AHA
You can have a stroke that lasts for only a few minutes and then seems to go away. We call that a "mini-stroke." It happens when part of your brain's blood supply is blocked for a short time. But even if your symptoms disappear, a mini-stroke is a dangerous event. You need to seek help right away.
Your brain is divided into left and right halves, called "hemispheres." They specialize in different things. Because of this, a stroke on the left side of your brain can be very different from a stroke on the brain's right side. Let's look at some symptoms of a left brain stroke.
Your brain is divided into left and right halves, called "hemispheres." They specialize in different things. Because of this, a stroke on the right side of your brain can be very different from a stroke on the brain's left side. Let's look at some symptoms of a right brain stroke.
Some people have trouble swallowing (dysphagia) after a stroke. This makes choking more likely. It also puts their health at further risk for conditions like aspiration pneumonia. To maintain nutritional needs, a speech therapist may teach your loved one ways to improve swallowing.
After a stroke, people can regain a sense of power by helping to take care of themselves. Many can learn ways to manage a lack of bowel and bladder control. And using impaired arms and legs to bathe and dress helps regain muscle strength. In fact, daily use of affected hands often helps bring back function.
A stroke, or brain attack, can have long lasting effects on your body and mind. Hear from stroke survivors and caregivers about the challenges they face, and how they cope with them. Plus, a neurologist explains the process of stroke rehabilitation and the roles of the rehab team.
Stroke can cause problems with speaking, finding,and understanding words, difficulties with memory, and other communication issues. Hear from stroke survivors, caregivers, and clinical experts about how rehabilitation and coping strategies can help improve speech and communication issues both in the hospital and at home.
A stroke causes major changes that can impact all aspects of your life, including your emotional well-being. In addition, stroke damage to certain parts of the brain can affect both emotions and behavior. Learn about support groups for stroke survivors, strategies for coping with emotional distress, and how caregivers can help themselves while helping their loved ones.
Just after a stroke, it's common for people to experience emotional changes. You may have drastic mood swings from one minute to the next. Your reaction to things may not make sense. This can be surprising and confusing to you and to those around you. But it's a normal part of recovery.
Your brain controls how you move, feel, communicate, think and act. Brain injury from a stroke may affect any of these abilities. Some changes are common, no matter where the injury occurs in the brain. Others are based on which side of the brain the stroke injures. © AHA
The treating doctor's highest priorities are to prevent complications that can occur as a result from the stroke and to prevent another stroke. Your doctor must determine that you are medically stable and able to resume some self-care activities. This means that all complications must be treated and under control. Some things happen as a direct result of injury to the brain due to stroke. Others are because of a change in your abilities. For example, being unable to move freely can result in bedsores. Clinical depression can also occur with a stroke. © AHA
After a stroke, muscles may become stiff, tighten up and resist stretching. This is called spasticity. Spasticity relates to muscle tone. Tone is the natural tension, or contraction, in a muscle that resists stretching. Stroke may cause an abnormal increase in muscle tone, leading to spasticity. © AHA
After a stroke, many survivors develop post-stroke fatigue, which means they may feel more tired or lack energy. They can experience this fatigue at any time after their stroke, regardless of what type of stroke they had. For some, this feeling may continue for years, but they usually find ways to make the most of the energy they have. © AHA
The brain is an extremely complex organ that controls countless body functions. Depending on the location and extent of brain tissue affected due to your stroke, you may have different vision issues, such as reading problems, poor visual memory and decreased depth perception and balance. © AHA
Most stroke survivors are able to return home and resume many of the activities they did before the stroke. Leaving the hospital may seem scary at first because so many things may have changed. The hospital staff can help prepare you to go home or to another setting that can better meet your needs. © AHA
Everyone involved in helping a stroke survivor is a caregiver. It can be the spouse, family members or friends. Often one person, spouse, adult child or parent, will provide most of the care. It's important that caregivers and stroke survivors strive to be "care partners" in their efforts. © AHA
People who assist stroke survivors are often called caregivers. It can be the spouse, family members or friends. Often, one person — spouse, adult child or parent — provides most of the care. It's important that caregivers and stroke survivors be "care partners." The challenges to adjust to your new role may be easier if both share in decision-making. It's also important to share how you're feeling. © AHA
When blood supply is cut off from the brain, cells begin to die from lack of oxygen. Within minutes, skills such as reasoning, speech, and some degree of arm, leg, or facial movement may be lost. The type of skills and the amount of loss depend on which part of the brain was affected, and how much tissue was damaged.
It's important to get medical attention for an AVM as soon as possible. Often, immediate treatment may help prevent serious complications of some AVMs. Current surgical methods make treatment for AVM safer and more effective than ever. The goal of treatment is to stop the flow of blood within the AVM and to prevent it from re-bleeding.