Understand the controllable and uncontrollable risk factors that increase your chance for having a stroke.
Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in America today. It's also a major cause of severe, long-term disability. To protect yourself and your loved ones from the serious effects of stroke, you should learn your risk factors, reduce your risk factors, learn the warning signs of stroke and know what to do if you notice warning signs.
There are many types of heart and blood vessel diseases. Learn what they are and steps to be taken to prevent these diseases.
It's critical to diagnose a stroke in progress because the treatment for stroke depends on the type of stroke, and, in some cases, the location of the injury to the brain. Other conditions with similar symptoms to stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) will need to be ruled out to diagnose stroke. Some of these include seizures, fainting, migraine headaches, heart problems or other general medical conditions.
About 13 percent of strokes happen when a blood vessel ruptures in or near the brain. This is called a hemorrhagic stroke. When a hemorrhagic stroke happens, blood collects in the brain tissue. This is toxic for the brain tissue causing the cells in that area to weaken and die.
The majority of strokes occur when blood vessels to the brain become narrowed or clogged with fatty deposits called plaque. This cuts off blood flow to brain cells. A stroke caused by lack of blood reaching part of the brain is called an ischemic stroke. High blood pressure is a leading risk factor for ischemic stroke.
Stroke occurs when a blood vessel bringing blood and oxygen to the brain gets blocked by a clot or ruptures. When this happens, brain cells don't get the blood and oxygen that they need to survive. This causes nerve cells to stop working and die within minutes. Then, the part of the body they control are affected. The effects of stroke may be permanent depending on how many cells die, where they are in the brain, and other factors.
This Post-Stroke Checklist has been developed to help healthcare professionals identify decline or changes in post-stroke function and cognition that may respond well to treatment and/or referral. It is a brief and easy-to-use tool, intended for completion with the patient and the help of a caregiver, if necessary.
Learning to recognize stroke symptoms, or the symptoms of a transient ischemic attack, can help to lessen the damage for you or someone else.
Many heart attacks and strokes are caused by blood clots that block the flow of blood to the heart or brain. In these cases, rapid intervention from a medical professional with a clot-dissolving drug can reduce the damage caused by the blood clot.
Listen to a stroke patient's story to learn how he overcame obstacles in his physical and emotional recovery process.
Carotid endarterectomy is a surgery to remove fatty deposits (plaque) that are narrowing the arteries in your neck. These are called the carotid arteries. They supply blood and oxygen to the front part of your brain. If plaque and other fatty materials block an artery, it slows or blocks the blood flow, and you could have a stroke.
Watch common strategies that can help patients and caregivers deal with the feelings and frustrations often experienced with stroke.
A stroke, or brain attack, can have long lasting effects on your body and mind. Hear from stroke survivors and caregivers about the challenges they face, and how they cope with them. Plus, a neurologist explains the process of stroke rehabilitation and the roles of the rehab team.
Stroke can cause problems with speaking, finding,and understanding words, difficulties with memory, and other communication issues. Hear from stroke survivors, caregivers, and clinical experts about how rehabilitation and coping strategies can help improve speech and communication issues both in the hospital and at home.
A stroke causes major changes that can impact all aspects of your life, including your emotional well-being. In addition, stroke damage to certain parts of the brain can affect both emotions and behavior. Learn about support groups for stroke survivors, strategies for coping with emotional distress, and how caregivers can help themselves while helping their loved ones.
Learn that certain modifications made to your bathroom will help make tasks easier and safer to complete.
Learn that many challenges experienced in the bedroom can be resolved with low-cost to no-cost modifications to match your abilities.
As a caregiver, communicating with the healthcare team can help you understand what happened during your loved one's stroke, what to expect during the recovery process and how to help him/her recover. As a result, you can feel less stressed and overwhelmed.
When someone has a heart attack, heart surgery or a stroke, they need special consideration while recovering or adjusting. They're likely to have emotional ups and downs. Sometimes they may become clinically depressed. Often, roles of the survivor and caregiver are reversed.
Your brain controls how you move, feel, communicate, think and act. Brain injury from a stroke may affect any of these abilities. Some changes are common no matter which side of the brain the injury is on. Others are based on which side of the brain the stroke injures.
The treating doctor's highest priorities are to prevent complications that can occur as a result from the stroke and to prevent another stroke. Your doctor must determine that you are medically stable and able to resume some self-care activities. This means that all complications must be treated and under control. Some things happen as a direct result of injury to the brain due to stroke. Others are because of a change in your abilities. For example, being unable to move freely can result in bedsores. Clinical depression can also occur with a stroke.
After a stroke, muscles may become stiff, tighten up and resist stretching. This is called spasticity. Spasticity relates to muscle tone. Tone is the natural tension, or contraction, in a muscle that resists stretching. Stroke may cause an abnormal increase in muscle tone, leading to spasticity.
Right after a stroke, a survivor may respond one way, yet weeks later respond differently. Some survivors may react with sadness; others may be cheerful. These emotional reactions may occur because of biological or psychological causes due to stroke. These changes may vary with time and can interfere with rehabilitation.
After a stroke, almost all stroke survivors feel tired or some type of fatigue at some point. Stroke survivors often must work harder to make up for the loss of normal functions (such as being unable to use an arm or hand). But you'll probably start feeling less tired after a few months. For some people, tiredness may continue for years after a stroke, but they usually find ways to make the most of the energy they have.
Most stroke survivors are able to return home and resume many of the activities they did before the stroke. Leaving the hospital may seem scary at first because so many things may have changed. The hospital staff can help prepare you to go home or to another setting that can better meet your needs.
Everyone involved in helping a stroke survivor is a caregiver. It can be the spouse, family members or friends. Often one person, spouse, adult child or parent, will provide most of the care. It's important that caregivers and stroke survivors strive to be "care partners" in their efforts.