If your child is having trouble swallowing food or liquid safely, a feeding tube may be needed. This is a special tube used to put liquid food or medicine straight into your child's stomach or intestine. It may be used if your child can't take enough food or liquid by mouth for proper growth.
Your child has a colostomy. This procedure involved cutting (and sometimes removing) part of the colon (large intestine). The end of the colon was attached to a small hole made in the abdominal wall. This creates an opening in the skin called a stoma. Stool and mucus pass out of the body through this opening into a holding bag. Here are guidelines for home care after a colostomy. The healthcare provider and nursing staff may give you additional instructions for your child.
Your child has had a procedure called an ileostomy. This surgery affects part of the colon (large intestine) and part of the last section of the ileum (small intestine). Parts of your child's colon and ileum were cut. Parts may have been removed. A small hole called a stoma is made in the abdominal wall and skin. During surgery, the intestine is attached to the skin to allow stool and mucus to pass out of the body. The stool and mucus drain into a holding bag. Below are guidelines for home care after an ileostomy. The doctor and nursing staff may give you other instructions for your child.
Your child is going home with either a gastrostomy tube (G tube) or a gastro-jejunum tube (G-J tube) in place. You'll need to feed your child through this tube. You were shown how to do this before your child was discharged from the hospital. This sheet will help you remember those steps at home.
If your child has a problem affecting the intestines, he or she may need a stoma (opening). A stoma provides a new way for stool and mucus to leave the body. During surgery to create a stoma, the colon or sometimes part of the small intestine is removed or disconnected. The end of the intestine is then rerouted through the abdominal wall. Waste leaves the body through the stoma and empties into a bag. It's important to help care for your child's stoma at home and to help your child adjust to having a stoma.
Your child is going home with a gastrostomy tube (G-tube) in place. The tube is placed through the abdominal wall into your child's stomach. It has a balloon filled with water on the end inside the stomach. The balloon keeps the tube in place. You must check the balloon regularly. This is to make sure it holds the amount of water prescribed by your child's healthcare provider. Here are instructions to help you remember the steps at home.
There's a space between the bones and muscles of your chest wall and your lungs called the "pleural space." Sometimes, because of an injury or illness, this space fills up with air or fluid. If this happens, doctors may need to get the air or fluid out with something called a 'chest tube.' This video shows how it is done.
Sometimes you have stuff in your stomach (like too much air of fluid) that's got to come out. And sometimes you might need a little help getting stuff (like food or medicine) into your stomach. To get things into or out of your belly, your doctor may want to insert an "NG" tube. This video shows you what you need to know about NG tube insertion.
Children with urinary tract problems may require clean intermittent catheterization (CIC). This is the temporary placement of a tube (catheter) to help drain the bladder. A parent or another adult does CIC until the child learns how to do it. Children as young as 5 years old can do their own CICs.
A groin hernia is when a small sac of intestine or fat pokes through a weak area of muscle into the lower abdomen. The weak area of muscle is formed that way before birth. The sac is formed by tissue that lines the abdomen. This kind of hernia usually happens on one side of the groin. It is felt as a bulge under the skin.
Hernias in children are common. They're caused by a defect in the belly (abdominal) wall. They are present at birth. Most often, the hernia forms in the groin or umbilical area. It can often be felt as a bulge under the skin. Childhood hernias can be safely fixed using outpatient (same-day) surgery. Best of all, most children get better quickly with only minor discomfort.
Blood loss can happen if your child has an injury, surgery, or an illness that affects blood cells. Your child may receive a transfusion. Strict measures are taken to make sure that donated blood is safe before it's given to your child. This sheet helps you understand how a blood transfusion is done.
Selective mutism is when a child can't speak in certain settings, but can speak fine in others. For example, a child may not be able to speak at school, but can speak with no problem at home. It is called selective mutism because the child is only mute in certain situations.
The Pavlik harness is a soft splint. It is most often used for treating infants with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). It helps keep the infant's hips and knees bent and the thighs spread apart. It can also help promote healing in babies with broken thighbones (femurs).
There's an old saying that a picture is worth a thousand words. A picture of the inside of your body -- called a "medical image" -- may be worth more than that! This video discusses three different ways your care team can take a medical image: x-rays, CT scans, and MRIs.
An upper endoscopy is a test that shows the inside of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract. This includes the esophagus, stomach, and the first part of the small intestine (duodenum). The doctor can do a biopsy, check for problems, or remove objects. The test normally takes about 15 to 20 minutes.